Children at familial risk for obesity: an examination of dietary intake, physical activity and weight status

Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1992 Feb;16(2):71-8.


A large cohort of children was divided into two groups based on their parents' weight status. The high risk group had one or two overweight parent(s) (n = 92, 4.4 +/- 0.5 years), while the low risk group had no parent overweight (n = 95, 4.5 +/- 0.5 years). Weight of the two groups was similar at the start of the study but the high risk group gained marginally more weight over a one year period (P = 0.05). Although total energy intake was similar, the high risk group was consuming a larger percentage of energy from fat (P = 0.0004) and a smaller percentage from carbohydrate (P = 0.0002). Observed physical activity as similar for most levels but marginally higher for the stationary level and marginally lower in total activity in the high risk group. These results suggest a pattern that may lead to increased weight gain in a high risk group as they grow older.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Weight*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diet Records
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Eating*
  • Energy Intake
  • Fathers
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mothers
  • Motor Activity*
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / genetics*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Statistics as Topic


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats