Cloning and Sequence Analysis of the Genes Encoding the Nonstructural Proteins of Langat Virus and Comparative Analysis With Other Flaviviruses

Virology. 1992 Jun;188(2):875-80. doi: 10.1016/0042-6822(92)90545-z.


Langat virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae is antigenically very similar to highly pathogenic tick-borne encephalitis viruses. We cloned and sequenced the complete nonstructural gene-coding region of Langat virus (strain TP21) and compared the deduced amino acid sequences of each nonstructural protein to those of other flaviviruses. By alignment with the reported amino acid sequences of the nonstructural proteins of several flaviviruses, we were able to predict proteolytic cleavage sites and identify sequence motifs, which are highly conserved among flaviviruses. Sequence similarity calculations revealed that the NS3 and NS5 proteins are the most highly conserved of the flavivirus nonstructural proteins. The NS3 and NS5 proteins of Langat virus contained specific peptide sequences that have been demonstrated to be associated with helicase or polymerase activities, respectively. The NS1 protein of Langat virus displayed complete homology of potential N-linked glycosylation sites and cysteine residues with the NS1 proteins of other tick-borne flaviviruses, suggesting a highly conserved NS1 protein structure. The data presented in this report serve to complete the entire sequence of the Langat virus-coding region and provide the basis for comparison of this naturally attenuated virus to the other highly virulent tick-borne flaviviruses.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Biological Evolution
  • Capsid / genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA / genetics
  • Encephalitis Viruses, Tick-Borne / genetics*
  • Flavivirus / genetics*
  • Genes, Viral*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Viral Core Proteins / genetics*
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins
  • Viral Structural Proteins / genetics*


  • Proteins
  • Viral Core Proteins
  • Viral Nonstructural Proteins
  • Viral Structural Proteins
  • DNA