The immediate early genes of human cytomegalovirus require only proximal promoter elements to upregulate expression of interleukin-1 beta

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1992 Jun;6(6):674-7. doi: 10.1165/ajrcmb/6.6.674.

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can infect monocytes and macrophages. The immediate early one (IE1) gene product of HCMV positively regulates its own expression, as well as the expression of the interleukin-1 beta (IL-1) gene. This study describes the IL-1 promoter proximal region required for upregulation of IL-1 gene expression by the HCMV IE1 or IE1 plus IE2 gene products. An IL-1 chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) construct containing the IL-1 genomic upstream sequence from position -1097 to +14 and four additional IL-1CAT plasmids containing progressive deletions of the -1097 to -131 sequence were used to evaluate the effect of the HCMV IE gene products on IL-1 gene expression. IL-1CAT plasmids were transfected into a monocytic cell line, THP-1, with plasmids containing either the IE promoter-regulatory region upstream of the bona fide IE1 (pIE1), IE2 (pIE2), or IE1+2 genes (pIE1+2) or a control plasmid containing the IE promoter-regulatory region alone (pLink760). In the presence of pIE1+2, there was an approximate 15-fold increase in CAT activity compared with the control, pLink760, in cells with CAT plasmids containing the -1097 to +14 IL-1 sequence. Plasmids with progressive deletions of this sequence, including the plasmid containing the shortest upstream segment (-131 to +14) also had an approximate 15-fold increase in CAT activity. The upregulation of IL-1 expression was mediated, primarily, by IE1 and not by IE2. This effect was promoter specific because an IL-1CAT plasmid with a complete deletion of the proximal promoter elements (-234 to +146) did not respond to the HCMV IE gene products.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase / genetics
  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase / metabolism*
  • Cytomegalovirus / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Viral / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-1 / genetics*
  • Plasmids
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Up-Regulation*

Substances

  • Interleukin-1
  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase