This paper describes the synthesis of some conformationally restricted 4-phenylpiperidine analogues and their affinities for the guinea pig cerebellum sigma recognition site ([3H]-DTG) and the rat striatum dopamine D2 receptor ([3H]-(-)-sulpiride) in order to develop potent selective sigma ligands as tools in the investigation of this site in psychosis. It was found that both hexa- and octahydrobenz[f]isoquinolines with lipophilic N-substituents had high affinities for the sigma site. Notably, trans-3-cyclohexyl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,10b-octahydrobenz[f]isoquinoline (26) had an affinity of 0.25 nM making it the highest affinity sigma ligand reported to date. Moreover, it is at least 10,000-fold selective over the D2 receptor and could prove to be a valuable tool in the study of sigma sites. Other analogues such as 1H-indeno[2,1-c]pyridines and 1H-benzo[3,4]cyclohepta[1,2-c]pyridines also displayed high sigma site affinity.