Fifteen-S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-S-HETE) specifically antagonizes the chemotactic action and glomerular synthesis of leukotriene B4 in the rat

Kidney Int. 1992 May;41(5):1155-60. doi: 10.1038/ki.1992.176.


In models of experimental glomerulonephritis, there is temporal concordance between the shift in the glomerular cellular infiltrate from neutrophils (PMN) to macrophages/monocytes and the suppression of glomerular leukotriene B4 (LTB4) generation. Since macrophages are a rich source of 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) products, we investigated whether the principal product of arachidonate 15-lipoxygenation, 15-S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-S-HETE), was capable of antagonizing the proinflammatory actions of LTB4 in the rat. PMN exhibited chemotaxis to LTB4 in a dose dependent manner with an LC50 of 10(-8) M. When rat neutrophils were pre-treated with 15-S-HETE, chemotaxis to LTB4 was inhibited in a dose dependent manner (maximal at 30 microM 15-S-HETE) but, the same concentration did not inhibit chemotaxis to n-formyl-1-methionyl-1-phenylalanine (FMP). 12-S-HETE (30 microM) did not inhibit chemotaxis to LTB4. Glomeruli from rats injected with nephrotoxic serum three hours earlier generated increased levels of LTB4; prior exposure of such glomeruli to 15-S-HETE totally normalized LTB4 production. The glomerular production of 15-S-HETE and LTB4 was also determined 3 hours, 72 hours and 2 weeks after administration of nephrotoxic serum. Whereas there was an early, short-lived, burst of LTB4 followed by a return to baseline levels, the production of 15-S-HETE increased steadily over the two week period and was present in amounts fivefold greater than LTB4. Thus, these studies assign a role for locally generated 15-LO derivatives in arresting LTB4-promoted PMN infiltration and suppressing LTB4 synthesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chemotaxis, Leukocyte / drug effects
  • Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids / pharmacology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Kidney Glomerulus / drug effects*
  • Kidney Glomerulus / metabolism
  • Leukotriene B4 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Leukotriene B4 / biosynthesis
  • Leukotriene B4 / pharmacology
  • Neutrophils / drug effects
  • Neutrophils / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids
  • Leukotriene B4
  • 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid