Candoxatril, a neutral endopeptidase inhibitor: efficacy and tolerability in essential hypertension

J Hypertens. 1992 Jul;10(7):607-13.


Objective: To examine the efficacy and tolerability of the neutral endopeptidase inhibitor, candoxatril (UK 79,300) as monotherapy in essential hypertension.

Design: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of 28 days' duration.

Setting: Three hospital outpatient departments participating in the Glasgow Blood Pressure Clinic (Glasgow, UK).

Patients: Forty patients with essential hypertension with diastolic blood pressure 95-114 mmHg after a 2-4 week placebo run-in period.

Interventions: Twenty-eight days' treatment with candoxatril 200 mg twice daily or matching placebo capsules.

Main outcome measures: Changes in supine and erect blood pressure, and volunteered side effects during double-blind treatment.

Results: When measured at the end of the dose interval, the fall in supine blood pressure following candoxatril was not significantly greater than that after placebo. Compared with placebo, a significant effect for candoxatril was seen only for systolic blood pressure in the erect posture; the fall in erect diastolic blood pressure attributable to candoxatril was insignificant. Median plasma atrial natriuretic peptide concentration increased in candoxatril-treated patients and decreased in the placebo group. No stimulation of the renin-aldosterone axis was seen. There was a non-significant trend towards greater urinary excretion of cyclic guanosine monophosphate after candoxatril. Mean plasma concentration of candoxatril at (UK 73,967--the active metabolite of candoxatril) reached a peak of 1010 +/- 437 ng/ml after acute dosing, and 1328 +/- 405 ng/ml after chronic dosing; time to maximum concentration was 2 h in each case. Candoxatril was well-tolerated; numbers of adverse events did not differ between active treatment and placebo.

Conclusions: Although atrial natriuretic peptide levels were significantly increased, candoxatril 200 mg twice daily for 28 days did not produce a clinically relevant fall in blood pressure. Our results cast some doubt upon the role of neutral endopeptidase inhibition in the treatment of unselected hypertensive patients.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Indans / administration & dosage
  • Indans / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neprilysin / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Propionates / administration & dosage
  • Propionates / therapeutic use*


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Indans
  • Propionates
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • candoxatril
  • Neprilysin