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. 1992 Aug;39(4):669-90.
doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)38370-5.

Congenital Infections and the Nervous System


Congenital Infections and the Nervous System

J F Bale Jr et al. Pediatr Clin North Am. .


Despite vaccines, new antimicrobials, and improved hygienic practices, congenital infections remain an important cause of death and long-term neurologic morbidity among infants world-wide. Important agents include Toxoplasma gondii, cytomegalovirus, Treponema pallidum, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, and rubella virus. In addition, several other agents, such as the varicella zoster virus, human parvovirus B19, and Borrelia burgdorferi, can potentially infect the fetus and cause adverse fetal outcomes. This article provides an overview of these infectious disorders and outlines current strategies for acute treatment and long-term management.

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