Travel and the home advantage

Can J Sport Sci. 1992 Mar;17(1):60-4.


The purpose of the present study was to examine the relative contributions of various travel related variables to visiting team success in the National Hockey League. A multiple regression design was used with game outcome as the dependent variable. The independent variables of interest included, as main effects and interactions, number of time zones crossed, direction of travel, distance traveled, preparation/adjustment time, time of season, game number on the road trip, and the home stand. Visiting team success was negatively associated with the interaction of number of time zones crossed and increased preparation time between games, and was positively associated with game number on the road. It was concluded that only a small portion of the variance in the home advantage/visitor disadvantage can be explained by travel related factors.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Hockey / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Ontario
  • Regression Analysis
  • Travel*
  • Work Schedule Tolerance