Extramammary Paget's disease of the perineal skin: role of radiotherapy

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1992;24(1):73-8. doi: 10.1016/0360-3016(92)91024-h.


We have reviewed our treatment results in 65 patients with extramammary Paget's disease arising in the vulva, perianal area, or scrotum. In 30 patients with primary disease, positive surgical margins were found in 53%, and there was an actuarial local recurrence rate of 40% within 5 years. The median follow-up period for primary extramammary Paget's disease patients treated with surgery alone was 198 months, and none died of this disease. Three patients treated with definitive radiotherapy were without recurrence at 12, 21, and 60 months after 56 Gy of supervoltage x-rays. In 22 patients with extramammary Paget's disease and associated adnexal or rectal adenocarcinoma, nine treated with surgery alone had a 75% local control rate. Three patients treated with surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy all had local control; of two patients treated with radiotherapy alone, one had persistent adenocarcinoma. The median survival for all patients with extramammary Paget's disease and adenocarcinoma was 22 months. We conclude that patients with extramammary Paget's disease have excellent survival but that local recurrence and morbidity from surgery, especially in the elderly, can be high. Radiotherapy greater than 50 Gy as primary treatment for extramammary Paget's disease in those medically unfit for surgery, or as an alternative to further surgery for recurrence after surgery and for anyone wishing to avoid mutilating surgery, is indicated. For those with adenocarcinoma and extramammary Paget's disease, the use of adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy in doses greater than 55 Gy is indicated because of the high risk of local recurrence after surgery alone.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / mortality
  • Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Paget Disease, Extramammary / mortality
  • Paget Disease, Extramammary / radiotherapy*
  • Perineum*
  • Skin Neoplasms / mortality
  • Skin Neoplasms / radiotherapy*