Differential responses in superior mesenteric artery blood flow may explain the variant pressor responses to clonidine in two groups with sympathetic denervation

Clin Sci (Lond). 1992 Jul;83(1):59-64. doi: 10.1042/cs0830059.

Abstract

1. Measurement of superior mesenteric artery blood flow along with systemic and regional haemodynamic changes in blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac index, forearm blood flow, digital skin blood flow and index finger temperature were made before and after administration of clonidine (2 micrograms/kg body weight intravenously) in 10 patients with multiple-system atrophy, 10 patients with pure autonomic failure and 15 age-matched healthy control subjects. 2. After clonidine, blood pressure fell in patients with multiple-system atrophy and control subjects but not in patients with pure autonomic failure. 3. Resting superior mesenteric artery blood flow was similar in patients with multiple-system atrophy and control subjects, but was higher in patients with pure autonomic failure. The fall in blood pressure after clonidine was accompanied by active dilatation of the superior mesenteric artery in patients with multiple-system atrophy and control subjects. This did not occur in patients with pure autonomic failure. 4. After clonidine, there was a fall in cardiac index in patients with multiple-system atrophy. 5. After clonidine, changes in other haemodynamic parameters were not significant in any group, except for a fall in forearm blood flow and a rise in index finger temperature in control subjects. 6. We conclude that after clonidine there are differential superior mesenteric artery blood flow responses in the two groups with autonomic failure (multiple-system atrophy and pure autonomic failure). These may relate to differences in the site of the sympathetic lesion, which is considered to be mainly central in multiple-system atrophy but peripheral in pure autonomic failure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Autonomic Nervous System Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cardiac Output / drug effects
  • Clonidine / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Fingers / blood supply
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mesenteric Arteries / physiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Posture / physiology
  • Regional Blood Flow / drug effects
  • Skin Temperature / drug effects

Substances

  • Clonidine