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Review
, 24 (2), 137-44

Loss of V Protein Expression in Human Parainfluenza Virus Type 1 Is Not a Recent Event

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Review

Loss of V Protein Expression in Human Parainfluenza Virus Type 1 Is Not a Recent Event

S Rochat et al. Virus Res.

Abstract

The P gene of paramyxoviruses usually contains an alternate overlapping ORF coding for a short cysteine-rich domain called V. This domain was thought to be a common feature of these genes as it is present in ten paramyxoviruses. However, the V ORF region of the P gene of one strain of human parainfluenza-virus type 1 (isolated in 1957) was recently found to be closed by no less than 9 stop codons. To determine whether the absence of the V ORF here might be due to the long adaptation of this strain in culture, 3 other more recent isolates were examined. Small differences in the V region were found, but all had conserved the vast majority of the stop codons. Moreover, examination of most of the intercistronic regions of the PIV1 genome failed to uncover a cryptic V gene. The V ORF is then unlikely to be a common feature of paramyxovirus P genes.

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