Three preterm infants born at 26-30 weeks' gestation who died between 103 and 266 days after birth were found to have elevated hepatic glycogen levels. Kinetic analysis of the hepatic microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase system demonstrated that one infant had abnormally low levels of activity of the glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme (partial type 1a glycogen storage disease) and two had deficiencies of T2, a microsomal phosphate/pyrophosphate transport protein (type 1c glycogen storage disease). In all three cases glycogen storage disease was not suspected prior to death even though both hypo- and hyperglycaemic episodes were recorded in the first 15 days after birth indicating that they had somewhat disordered blood glucose regulation. In the infant with low glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme activity, abnormal development of the glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme cannot be ruled out. This is the first description of abnormalities in the glucose-6-phosphatase system in preterm infants.