Determinants of intra-individual variation in kidney function in normoalbuminuric insulin-dependent diabetic patients: importance of atrial natriuretic peptide and glycaemic control

Clin Sci (Lond). 1992 Oct;83(4):445-51. doi: 10.1042/cs0830445.


1. In order to investigate the modulation of kidney function in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, intraindividual variation in glomerular filtration rate, renal plasma flow, urinary albumin excretion rate and mean arterial blood pressure was assessed in 22 normoalbuminuric patients [age 31 +/- 8 years, duration of diabetes 9 +/- 5 years, mean arterial blood pressure 90 +/- 5 mmHg (means +/- SD), urinary albumin excretion rate 5.4 x/divided by 1.6 micrograms/min]. The variation in these parameters was calculated from the results of two clearance studies (continuous infusion of [125I]-iothalamate and 131I-hippuran as markers for glomerular filtration rate and renal plasma flow, respectively) and was subsequently analysed in relation to individual variation in plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide, arginine vasopressin, angiotensin II and aldosterone and measures of glycaemic control. 2. Simple correlation analysis showed a significant association between intra-individual variation in glomerular filtration rate and atrial natriuretic peptide (sigma = 0.66, P = 0.003). Besides variation in atrial natriuretic peptide, multiple regression analysis identified variation in glycated haemoglobin (P = 0.026) and arginine vasopressin (P = 0.057) as variables having independent association with variation in glomerular filtration rate [R2 with the three variables included (adjusted for degrees of freedom) = 0.50, analysis of variance: P = 0.002]. 3. With respect to variation in renal plasma flow, differences in fasting blood glucose concentration and mean arterial blood pressure were suggested as determinants (R2 = 0.36, analysis of variance: P = 0.009). 4. Variation in urinary albumin excretion rate (after log transformation) was statistically associated with variation in glycated haemoglobin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arginine Vasopressin / blood
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood*
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology*
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / physiology
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Kidney / blood supply
  • Kidney / physiopathology*
  • Male


  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor