Men were checked for the presence of genital human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated lesions. The evaluation included acetic acid-guided, high-magnification examination of the penis and scrotum employing a colposcope and biopsy confirmation of HPV-associated lesions in the genital area. The men were in a high-risk group if they were sexual partners (for at least six months) of women known to harbor genital condyloma. The men were in a low-risk group if they were sexual partners of women with no known genital condyloma. Seventy-eight of 113 men (69%) in the high-risk group had genital HPV-associated lesions, while 31% did not. Two of the 94 men (2%) in the low-risk group had genital HPV-associated lesions, while 98% did not. The differences were highly statistically significant (P less than .01). The male sexual partners of women with HPV infection had a significantly higher risk of harboring genital HPV infection as compared to partners of uninfected women.