Effect of Nucleosides and Nucleotides and the Relationship Between Cellular Adenosine 3':5'-cyclic Monophosphate (Cyclic AMP) and Germ Tube Formation in Candida Albicans

Mycopathologia. 1992 Sep;119(3):147-56. doi: 10.1007/BF00448812.


A yeast-mycelium (Y-M) transition in Candida albicans was induced by exogenous yeast extract, adenosine, adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP), adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), adenosine 3':5' cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and its analogue N6, O2'-dibutyryl adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (dbcAMP) in defined liquid medium at 25 degrees C. Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) was found to delay germ tube formation in yeast cells, whereas the cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors, theophylline and caffeine, induced a Y-M transition. Intracellular and extracellular cyclic AMP levels increased during the yeast-mycelium transition and maximum levels of intracellular cyclic AMP coincided with maximum germ tube formation. Of the many inducers and inhibitors of germ tube and mycelium formation in C. albicans tested, including incubation at 37 degrees C or in the presence of 1.5 mM CaCl2, the calmodulin inhibitor calmidazolium (R24571) added together with CaCl2 induced the highest intra- and extracellular cyclic AMP levels. These results confirm the involvement of cyclic AMP in the yeast-mycelium transition of C. albicans.

MeSH terms

  • 3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Adenine Nucleotides / pharmacology*
  • Adenosine / pharmacology*
  • Caffeine / pharmacology
  • Candida albicans / drug effects
  • Candida albicans / growth & development*
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / physiology*
  • Theophylline / pharmacology


  • Adenine Nucleotides
  • Caffeine
  • Theophylline
  • Cyclic AMP
  • 3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases
  • Adenosine