Selective, Centrally Acting Serotonin 5-HT2 Antagonists. 1. 2- And 6-substituted 1-phenyl-3-(4-piperidinyl)-1H-indoles

J Med Chem. 1992 Dec 25;35(26):4813-22. doi: 10.1021/jm00104a006.

Abstract

A series of 1-[2-[4-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-piperidinyl]ethyl]-2-imidazolidinones has been synthesized. The 1-position of the indole is substituted with phenyl groups and in the 2- or 6-positions are additional substituents. An analogous series with the imidazolidinone ring opened to corresponding urea derivatives was also prepared. High potency and selectivity for 5-HT2 receptors (as compared with D2 and alpha 1 receptor affinities) were obtained with medium-large substituents such as 6-chloro, 6-methyl, and 6-trifluoromethyl or a 2-methyl substituent. Larger 6-substituents such as isopropyl considerably reduced activity, while the smaller 6-fluoro substituent afforded unselective compounds. Selective 5-HT2 antagonists were found by combining 6-substitution with both unsubstituted 1-phenyl and substituted 1-phenyl groups (2-F, 4-F, 4-Cl). However, 3-substitution of the phenyl group markedly reduced 5-HT2 receptor affinity, especially with a 3-trifluoromethyl substituent. Introduction of a 3-(2-propyl) substituent in the imidazolidinone ring reduced binding to alpha 1 adrenoceptors with a factor of 3-8. Practically no influence on 5-HT2 and D2 receptor affinities were found by the presence of this substituent compared to the 3-unsubstituted derivatives. Compounds with potent receptor binding also potently inhibited the quipazine-induced head twitch syndrome in rats. The compounds were equally active after oral and subcutaneous administration and they had a long duration of action (> 24 h). Especially urea derivatives were found to be considerably more potent at 24 h than at 2 h after subcutaneous administration. Some of the compounds potently inhibited isolation-induced aggression in mice, an effect which, however, did not correlate to 5-HT2 receptor-mediated activities. On the basis of these structure-activity studies 1-[2-[4-[6-chloro-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]-1- piperidinyl]ethyl]-3-(2-propyl)-2-imidazolidinone (Lu 26-042, compound 4c) was selected for further pharmacological and toxicological investigations.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Imidazoles / chemical synthesis
  • Imidazoles / pharmacology
  • Indoles / chemical synthesis*
  • Indoles / chemistry
  • Indoles / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Piperidines / chemical synthesis*
  • Piperidines / chemistry
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha / drug effects
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha / metabolism
  • Receptors, Dopamine / drug effects
  • Receptors, Dopamine / metabolism
  • Receptors, Serotonin / drug effects
  • Receptors, Serotonin / metabolism
  • Serotonin Antagonists / chemical synthesis*
  • Serotonin Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Structure-Activity Relationship

Substances

  • Imidazoles
  • Indoles
  • Piperidines
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • Receptors, Serotonin
  • Serotonin Antagonists