Lipoprotein Receptor Mediated Metabolism of [14C]arachidonic Acid Labeled Chylomicron Remnants by Hep G2 Cells

Lipids. 1992 Sep;27(9):664-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02536021.

Abstract

During lipolysis of chylomicron triacylglycerol by lipoprotein lipase, arachidonic acid (AA) esters are hydrolyzed at a slower rate than the predominant 16-18 carbon fatty acid esters. The further metabolism of the AA that is hereby enriched in the chylomicron remnant acylglycerols has not been investigated. In the present study, we examined the low density lipoprotein (LDL) dependent and independent metabolism of [14C]AA present in chylomicron remnants in the human hepatoma cell line Hep G2. Mesenteric duct cannulated rats were fed [14C]AA and [3H]cholesterol in corn oil, and the chyle obtained was injected intravenously into hepatectomized rats to form chylomicron remnants labeled with [14C]AA in the triacylglycerol (TG) and with 3H in the cholesteryl ester portion. The remnants were then incubated with Hep G2 cells. The uptake of [14C]AA within 2-4 h was similar to that of [3H]cholesteryl ester. After uptake into the cells, [14C]AA was preferentially incorporated into phospholipids, a high proportion being found in phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. [14C]AA and [3H]cholesteryl ester uptake were influenced to similar extents by factors unknown to regulate the LDL receptor and by an anti-LDL receptor antibody. Addition of compactin thus increased the uptake of [14C]AA by 50% in 4 h and mevalonolactone decreased the uptake by 86%. Using an anti-LDL receptor antibody, 25.0% of [3H]cholesterol/cholesteryl ester and 37.7% of [14C]AA binding to the cells at 4 degrees C were blocked. There was no lipolysis of [14C]TG or [14C]diacylglycerol by lipase secreted into the medium during incubations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arachidonic Acid / metabolism*
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Cholesterol Esters / metabolism
  • Chylomicrons / metabolism*
  • Glycerides / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lovastatin / analogs & derivatives
  • Lovastatin / pharmacology
  • Mevalonic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • Mevalonic Acid / pharmacology
  • Phospholipids / analysis
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Lipoprotein
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

Substances

  • Cholesterol Esters
  • Chylomicrons
  • Glycerides
  • Phospholipids
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Lipoprotein
  • mevastatin
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • mevalonolactone
  • Lovastatin
  • Mevalonic Acid