Kinetic modeling of ouabain tissue distribution based on slow and saturable binding to Na,K-ATPase

Pharm Res. 1992 Dec;9(12):1607-11. doi: 10.1023/a:1015820610048.

Abstract

The significance of the binding to Na,K-ATPase in the tissue distribution of ouabain was previously documented (Harashima et al., Pharm. Res. 9:474-479, 1992). The purpose of this study was to obtain a kinetic model of ouabain tissue distribution. In most tissues, the ouabain concentration continued to rise after the termination of infusion (5 min), with the peak tissue concentration at approximately 20 min. This delay could not be explained by the rapid equilibrium model (RE model), nor could the kinetics of ouabain be explained by an RE model modified for saturable binding. Since ouabain binding to Na,K-ATPase is slow, the association and dissociation processes were incorporated into a model that can accurately fit the observed time courses of ouabain. The obtained binding parameters corresponded well with the observed values in the in vitro binding experiments, except for muscle. These results quantitatively support the role of the slow and saturable binding of ouabain to Na,K-ATPase in its tissue distribution.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Models, Biological
  • Ouabain / pharmacokinetics*
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / metabolism*
  • Tissue Distribution

Substances

  • Ouabain
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase