Cone terminals ("pedicles") in the fovea of macaque retina were studied in electron micrographs of serial sections. Pedicles were sheathed in glia except for small (0.2 microns 2) fenestrations, 4.8 +/- 1.7 per pedicle. At each fenestration the membranes of adjacent pedicles were contiguous and marked by an adherent junction, which in turn was invariably associated with gap junctions. There were 3.2 +/- 1.4 gap junctions per adherent junction and thus, about fifteen gap junctions per pedicle. The gap junctions were small, 1.6 x 10(-3) +/- 1.8 x 10(-3) microns 2 (mean +/- SD) and were formed indiscriminately with all neighboring pedicles. An upper bound was estimated of 170 connexons per pedicle and thus a coupling conductance of 1.7 x 10(4) pS. Available psychophysical data suggest that the junctions are uncoupled at high luminance. They may couple at lower luminance where spatial averaging would improve contrast sensitivity without cost to spatial acuity.