We review 72 previously reported and 29 new patients with the possible diagnosis of Joubert syndrome. We define diagnostic criteria for this syndrome and present the data available in 94 patients that fulfill our criteria. We present the data regarding the clinical, neuroradiological, and ophthalmological manifestations and the prognosis of these 94 patients. We propose a classification of the patients with this diagnosis in 2 groups: those with retinal dystrophy and those without. Retinal dystrophy runs true in families and was never absent when renal cysts were reported.