Ecology of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a focus of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in northeastern Colombia

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 1992 Jul-Sep;87(3):387-95. doi: 10.1590/s0074-02761992000300009.


The phlebotomine sand fly fauna of two coffee plantations in a Leishmania-endemic area of Norte de Santander, Colombia was studied. Regular insect collections using a variety of methods were made for three and a half years. Information was obtained on diurnal resting sites, host range and seasonal abundance for 17 species, of which five (Lutzomyia spinicrassa, Lu. serrana, Lu. shannoni, Lu. ovallesi and Lu. gomezi) were far more numerous than the others, anthropophilic and present throughout the year. The behaviour of these and the remaining 12 species is discussed in relation to their potential role in transmission of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in the area.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic
  • Animals, Wild
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Colombia / epidemiology
  • Ecology
  • Entomology / instrumentation
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Insect Bites and Stings / epidemiology
  • Insect Vectors*
  • Leishmania braziliensis*
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / epidemiology
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / transmission*
  • Male
  • Population Dynamics
  • Psychodidae* / physiology
  • Seasons
  • Species Specificity
  • Trees