Though major differences exist in subcategory mortality levels, cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of death among both Asian Chinese and Westerners. This paper examines the possible relationship between cardiovascular mortality and biochemical, diet and lifestyle factors based on two surveys in China. Statistically significant associations indicate five variables negatively correlated: molybdenum, oleic acid, liquor consumption (males), legumes, and age at first pregnancy with ischemic heart disease; molybdenum, oleic acid (females) and age at first pregnancy with hypertensive heart disease; and legumes and age at first pregnancy with stroke. Five variables were positively correlated: triglycerides and herpes antibodies with ischemic heart disease; salt and phosphorus (females) with hypertensive heart disease; and only albumin (males) with stroke. Some findings confirm those observed in the West (salt, triglycerides, herpes, legumes, oleic acid, and liquor), but molybdenum and age at first pregnancy have not been emphasized previously. Still others significant in the West have not been observed here, such as cholesterol and smoking.