Binding of typical and atypical antipsychotic agents to transiently expressed 5-HT1C receptors

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1992 Mar;260(3):1361-5.


We determined the affinities of clozapine and 21 other typical and atypical antipsychotic agents for the cloned 5-hydroxytryptamine-1C (5-HT1C) receptor. For these studies, 5-HT1C receptors were transiently expressed in COS-7 cells using the vector pSVK3-5HT1C. We discovered that clozapine and several other putative typical and atypical antipsychotic agents (loxapine greater than tiosperone greater than SCH23390 greater than fluperlapine greater than rilapine greater than chlorpromazine) had relatively high affinities (7-30 nM) for the cloned 5-HT1C receptor. Other antipsychotic agents (risperidone greater than tenilapine greater than mesoridazine greater than thioridazine greater than cis-fluphenthixol) had intermediate affinities (30-100 nM), whereas many other antipsychotics (fluphenazine greater than spiperone greater than amperozide greater than melperone greater than thiothixene greater than haloperidol, metoclopramide, pimozide, domperidone, sulpiride) had low affinities (greater than 500 nM) for the cloned 5-HT1C receptor. The results indicate that although several putative atypical antipsychotic agents have high affinities for the cloned rat 5-HT1C receptor, the spectrum of drug binding does not correlate with the atypical nature of these compounds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antipsychotic Agents / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide / metabolism
  • Receptors, Serotonin / metabolism*


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Receptors, Serotonin
  • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide