We report that the cloned DNA harboring the long terminal repeat (LTR), v-src, LTR proviral structure is tumorigenic in chickens of the Prague congenic lines. The growth rate of these tumors is by far the highest in the recombinant CC.R1 line, the B haplotype of which is composed of the B-F/L4 and B-G12 subregions originating from different naturally occurring haplotypes. Some of the tumors induced by the LTR, v-src, LTR DNA are repeatedly transplantable in syngeneic chickens, maintain unaltered provirus, and express v-src mRNA. Differences in the response to challenge with Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) and LTR, v-src, LTR DNA on a given experimental model are compared and possible involvement of an interaction between B-F/L and B-G region genes is considered. Regression of the LTR, v-src, LTR DNA-induced tumors did not prevent the formation and growth of tumors induced subsequently by RSV.