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. 1992;35(6):355-64.
doi: 10.1007/BF00179791.

An Approach to the Localization of the Susceptibility Genes for Generalized Myasthenia Gravis by Mapping Recombinant Ancestral Haplotypes

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An Approach to the Localization of the Susceptibility Genes for Generalized Myasthenia Gravis by Mapping Recombinant Ancestral Haplotypes

M A Degli-Esposti et al. Immunogenetics. .

Abstract

The association of HLA A1, B8, and DR3 with generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) in Caucasoids is well established, but no particular gene has been implicated and there is still no adequate explanation in functional terms. In this study we have taken advantage of sequential genomic markers between B8 and DR3 so as to map the location of susceptibility gene(s) on the A1, B8, DR3 (8.1) ancestral haplotype. By studying 51 patients, we have delineated a region between HLA B and TNF which is shared by 29/29 patients with B8 and DR3, 19/19 patients with B8 but not DR3 and 2/3 patients with DR3 but not B8. The potential importance of this region was confirmed by examining a similar disease induced by D-Penicillamine (D-PenMG) and associated with different HLA class II alleles (DR1 and/or DR7). Among these patients, 7/16 (44%) have B8, often with other markers of 8.1. These results implicate at least two categories of genes in determining susceptibility to MG; one located in the region between HLA B and TNF may be immunoregulatory, whereas the second, located in the class II region, may relate to the inducing factor (e.g., DR1 or DR7 in D-PenMG).

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