Ancestry of the 4-chlorobenzoate dehalogenase: analysis of amino acid sequence identities among families of acyl:adenyl ligases, enoyl-CoA hydratases/isomerases, and acyl-CoA thioesterases

Biochemistry. 1992 Jun 23;31(24):5594-604. doi: 10.1021/bi00139a024.


We have deduced the nucleotide sequence of the genes encoding the three components of 4-chlorobenzoate (4-CBA) dehalogenase from Pseudomonas sp. CBS-3 and examined the origin of these proteins by homology analysis. Open reading frame 1 (ORF1) encodes a 30-kDa 4-CBA-coenzyme A dehalogenase related to enoyl-coenzyme A hydratases functioning in fatty acid beta-oxidation. ORF2 encodes a 57-kDa protein which activates 4-CBA by acyl adenylation/thioesterification. This 4-CBA:coenzyme A ligase shares significant sequence similarity with a large group of proteins, many of which catalyze similar chemistry in beta-oxidation pathways or in siderophore and antibiotic synthetic pathways. These proteins have in common a short stretch of sequence, (T,S)(S,G)G(T,S)(T,E)G(L,X)PK(G,-), which is particularly highly conserved and which may represent an important new class of "signature" sequence. We were unable to find any proteins homologous in sequence to the 16-kDa 4-hydroxybenzoate-coenzyme A thioesterase encoded by ORF3. Analysis of the chemistry and function of the proteins found to be structurally related to the 4-CBA:coenzyme A ligase and the 4-CBA-coenzyme A dehalogenase supports the proposal that they evolved from a beta-oxidation pathway.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Biological Evolution
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Hydrolases / chemistry
  • Hydrolases / genetics*
  • Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Ligases / chemistry
  • Ligases / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Palmitoyl-CoA Hydrolase / chemistry
  • Palmitoyl-CoA Hydrolase / genetics*
  • Pseudomonas / enzymology*
  • Sequence Alignment


  • Hydrolases
  • Palmitoyl-CoA Hydrolase
  • 4-chlorobenzoate dehalogenase
  • Ligases