Transcriptional attenuation following cAMP induction requires PP-1-mediated dephosphorylation of CREB

Cell. 1992 Jul 10;70(1):105-13. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(92)90537-m.


We have examined the mechanism by which the transcriptional activity of the cAMP-responsive factor CREB is attenuated following induction with forskolin. Metabolic labeling studies reveal that, after an initial burst of phosphorylation in response to cAMP, CREB is dephosphorylated and transcription of the cAMP-responsive somatostatin gene is correspondingly reduced. The phosphatase inhibitor 1 protein and okadaic acid both prevented the dephosphorylation of CREB at Ser-133 in PC12 cells and also augmented the transcriptional response to cAMP. Of the four Ser/Thr phosphatases described to date, only PP-1 appears to be similarly inhibited by these agents. As PP-1 specifically dephosphorylates CREB at Ser-133 and inhibits cAMP-dependent transcription, we propose that this phosphatase is the major regulator of CREB activity in cAMP-responsive cells.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / drug effects*
  • Ethers, Cyclic / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Okadaic Acid
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / pharmacology*
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Somatostatin
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects*


  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Ethers, Cyclic
  • Okadaic Acid
  • Somatostatin
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases