Preferential location of somatostatin receptors in germinal centers of human gut lymphoid tissue

Gastroenterology. 1992 Oct;103(4):1207-14. doi: 10.1016/0016-5085(92)91505-x.


Somatostatin receptors were evaluated in four human gut-associated lymphoid tissues (palatine tonsils, ileal Peyer patches, vermiform appendix, and colonic solitary lymphatic follicles) using receptor autoradiography on tissue sections incubated with 125I[Tyr3]octreotide. All four tissues were somatostatin-receptor positive; the receptors were preferentially located in the germinal centers, with the luminal part of the center more strongly labeled than the basal part. The corona of the follicles and the primary follicles without germinal centers did not display somatostatin receptors. The receptors were of high affinity (Kd = 1.3 +/- 0.6 nmol/L) and specific for somatostatin. Displacement by nanomolar concentrations of somatostatin 14, somatostatin 28, and octreotide was observed, as was guanosine triphosphate dependency. The gastrointestinal mucosa and the plexus submucosus and myentericus also contained somatostatin receptors. These data strongly suggest that the germinal centers of the gut-associated lymphoid tissue are a site of action of somatostatin. It possibly mediates antiproliferative effects and inhibits immunoglobulin synthesis in the activated lymphoid cells. The human gut represents a multifaceted target for somatostatin action, in which at least three different tissues (mucosa, nerve plexus, and lymphoid tissue) are involved.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intestines / chemistry*
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Lymphoid Tissue / chemistry*
  • Octreotide / analogs & derivatives
  • Octreotide / metabolism
  • Receptors, Somatostatin / analysis*
  • Somatostatin / metabolism*


  • Receptors, Somatostatin
  • 3-Tyr-octreotide
  • Somatostatin
  • Octreotide