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, 325 (4), 581-94

Distribution of Modulatory Inputs to the Stomatogastric Ganglion of the Crab, Cancer Borealis

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Distribution of Modulatory Inputs to the Stomatogastric Ganglion of the Crab, Cancer Borealis

M J Coleman et al. J Comp Neurol.

Abstract

The pyloric and gastric mill neural networks in the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion receive modulatory inputs from more anteriorly located ganglia via the stomatogastric nerve. In this study we employed biocytin backfilling and immunostaining, as well as electron microscopy, to determine the origin of these inputs in the crab, Cancer borealis. Fiber counts from electron micrographs of sections through the stomatogastric nerve showed that this nerve contains 55-60 medium to large diameter fibers (1-13 microns). These fibers were individually wrapped by several layers of membrane, presumably glial in origin. There was also a single cluster of jointly wrapped, small diameter (< 1 micron) fibers that may originate from peripheral sensory somata. Biocytin backfills revealed that approximately two thirds of the individually wrapped fibers in this nerve originate from somata in the other three ganglia of the stomatogastric nervous system, including the paired commissural ganglia and the single oesophageal ganglion. There were approximately 20 biocytin-labeled somata in each commissural ganglion and 3 somata in the oesophageal ganglion. An additional ten somata were localized to the stomatogastric ganglion itself. This accounts for nearly all of the medium to large diameter fibers in the stomatogastric nerve. We used double-labeling with backfills and immunocytochemistry to determine that there are two proctolin-immunoreactive neurons and four FMRFamide-like immunoreactive neurons among the biocytin-labeled neurons in each commissural ganglion. Both peptides modulate neural network activity in the stomatogastric ganglion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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