Modulation of multidrug resistance gene expression in rat hepatocytes maintained under various culture conditions

Biochem Pharmacol. 1992 Dec 1;44(11):2259-62. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(92)90355-m.


P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the multidrug resistance gene product, is overexpressed in normal adult rat hepatocytes under standard culture conditions. We have studied the modulation of P-gp expression in this in vitro model in the presence of both epidermal growth factor and pyruvate, which favor hepatocyte growth, as well as in the presence of either dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or nicotinamide, which favors maintenance of differentiated functions. P-gp overexpression, estimated by northern blotting and doxorubicin-mediated drug efflux analyses, was similarly observed during culture in both standard and proliferating conditions, while it was delayed, but not inhibited, in the presence of DMSO or nicotinamide. These results suggest that the functional P-gp overexpression occurring in rat hepatocytes when exposed to an unfamiliar environment is at least partly not related to cell proliferation or the degree of cell differentiation in vitro.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Drug Resistance
  • Gene Expression / physiology*
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / physiology*
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • Membrane Glycoproteins