Pulmonary vasodilation by inhaled nitric oxide after endothelial injury

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Nov;73(5):2179-83. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1992.73.5.2179.

Abstract

Inhaled nitric oxide gas (NO) has recently been shown to reverse experimentally induced pulmonary vasoconstriction. To examine the effect of free radical injury and methylene blue exposure on inhaled NO-induced pulmonary vasodilation we studied ventilated rabbit lungs perfused with Krebs solution containing 3% dextran and indomethacin. When NO gas (120 ppm) was added to the inhaled mixture for 3 min, the elevated pulmonary arterial perfusion pressure (Ppa) induced by the thromboxane analogue U-46619 was significantly reduced [8 +/- 2 (SE) mmHg]. Acetylcholine similarly reduced Ppa (9 +/- 1 mmHg). After free radical injury and methylene blue exposure, inhaled NO again produced significant vasodilation (5 +/- 1 and 9 +/- 2 mmHg, respectively), but acetylcholine resulted in an increase in Ppa (-9 +/- 3 and -4 +/- 1 mmHg, respectively). These data demonstrate that pulmonary vasodilation produced by inhaled NO is unaffected by free radical injury or methylene blue in the intact lung despite concomitant reversal of acetylcholine-induced vasodilation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
  • Acetylcholine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Endothelium / physiology
  • Free Radicals
  • Guanylate Cyclase / metabolism
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lung / physiopathology
  • Lung Injury*
  • Methylene Blue / pharmacology
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / enzymology
  • Nitric Oxide / pharmacology*
  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic / pharmacology
  • Pulmonary Circulation / drug effects*
  • Rabbits
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents / pharmacology
  • Vasodilation / drug effects*

Substances

  • Free Radicals
  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents
  • Nitric Oxide
  • 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
  • Guanylate Cyclase
  • Acetylcholine
  • Methylene Blue