Changes in somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in lungs from perinatal guinea pigs and the effects of somatostatin-14 on lung liquid production

J Dev Physiol. 1992 Oct;18(4):151-9.

Abstract

Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity was measured by radioimmunoassay with a monoclonal antibody in lungs from perinatal guinea pigs (62 +/- 2 days of gestation). Fetuses delivered by Caesarean section and dissected before breathing showed 4748 +/- 758 pg/lung (n = 25). Fetuses allowed to breathe (neonates) showed marked increases in activity: 7629 +/- 1355 pg/lung (n = 12) after breathing 30 seconds, and 10729 +/- 1064 pg/lung (n = 6) after breathing 3 minutes (2.3-fold increase, P < 0.005). Values then declined (5203 +/- 1050 pg/lung (n = 9) at 30 minutes; 1458 +/- 105 pg/lung (n = 4) at 60 minutes). Changes were similar in pg/g wet tissue. HPLC characterized the immunoreactive peptides as somatostatin-14 (SS-14) and somatostatin-28 (SS-28) in both fetuses and neonates (n = 11). SS-28 made up only 13.7 +/- 1.7% of the activity; this percentage did not change with breathing. The effects of synthetic SS-14 on lung liquid production were investigated in in vitro lungs from 42 fetal guinea pigs. All 21 preparations immersed in 10(-5)-10(-7) M SS-14 during the middle hour of 3 h incubations reduced production, often approaching zero after treatment (rates, ml/kg body weight per h, succeeding hours: 10(-5) M (n = 9), 3.09 +/- 0.68, 0.93 +/- 0.39, -0.05 +/- 0.60 (fall significant during and after treatment, P < 0.025-0.005); 10(-6) M (n = 6), 3.06 +/- 0.68, 1.29 +/- 0.58, 0.36 +/- 0.38 (P < 0.05-0.005); 10(-7) M (n = 6), 1.96 +/- 0.66, 1.11 +/- 0.34, 0.64 +/- 0.28 (P < 0.05-0.025).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn / growth & development
  • Animals, Newborn / metabolism*
  • Body Fluids / metabolism*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Fetus / metabolism*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lung / embryology
  • Lung / metabolism*
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Somatostatin / metabolism*
  • Somatostatin / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Somatostatin