Reversal of stress-induced anhedonia by the atypical antidepressants, fluoxetine and maprotiline

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1992;109(4):433-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02247719.


Chronic exposure to mild unpredictable stress has previously been found to depress the consumption of palatable sweet solutions. In the present study this effect was reversed by chronic (9 weeks) treatment with the atypical antidepressants, fluoxetine and maprotiline (5 mg/kg/day); the non-antidepressant chlordiazepoxide was ineffective. Stressed animals were also subsensitive to food reward in the place conditioning procedure; however, fluoxetine and maprotiline treated animals showed normal place preference conditioning. Acute pretreatment with raclopride (100 micrograms/kg) selectively reversed the recovery of sucrose drinking in antidepressant-treated stressed animals. These results extend previous reports of the efficacy of tricyclic antidepressants in this paradigm, and support the hypothesis of a dopaminergic mechanism of antidepressant action.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation / pharmacology*
  • Chlordiazepoxide / pharmacology
  • Conditioning, Operant / drug effects*
  • Dopamine / physiology
  • Eating / drug effects
  • Feeding Behavior / drug effects
  • Fluoxetine / pharmacology*
  • Food
  • Male
  • Maprotiline / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Reward*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Sucrose / pharmacology


  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
  • Fluoxetine
  • Maprotiline
  • Sucrose
  • Chlordiazepoxide
  • Dopamine