Isolation and characterization of a 2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy) propionic acid-degrading soil bacterium

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1990 May;33(2):213-6. doi: 10.1007/BF00176527.


The 2-(2,4-dichlorphenoxy)propionic acid (2,4-DP)-degrading bacterial strain MH was isolated after numerous subcultivations of a mixed culture obtained by soil-column enrichment and finally identified as Flavobacterium sp. Growth of this strain was supported by 2,4-DP (maximum specific growth rate 0.2 h-1) as well as by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 4-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)butyric acid (2,4-DB), and 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propionic acid (MCPP) as sole sources of carbon and energy under aerobic conditions. 2,4-DP-Grown cells (10(8] of strain MH degraded 2,4-dichlorophenoxyalkanoic acids, 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP), and 4-chlorophenol at rates in the range of 30 nmol/h. Preliminary investigations indicate that cleavage of 2,4-DP results in 2,4-DCP, which is further mineralized via ortho-hydroxylation and ortho-cleavage of the resulting 3,5-dichlorocatechol.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid / metabolism
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Flavobacterium / growth & development
  • Flavobacterium / isolation & purification*
  • Flavobacterium / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Soil Microbiology*


  • 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid
  • dichlorprop