In vitro evaluation of Bacopa monniera on anti-Helicobacter pylori activity and accumulation of prostaglandins

Phytomedicine. 2003;10(6-7):523-7. doi: 10.1078/094471103322331494.


Bacopa monniera is an Indian tratidional medicine widely used to improve intellectual functions. Earlier, we had reported the prophylactic and curative effects of standardized extract of Bacopa monniera (BME) in various gastric ulcer models. The effect was due to augmentation of the defensive mucosal factors like increase in mucin secretion, life span of mucosal cells and gastric antioxidant effect rather than on the offensive acid-pepsin secretion. The present study includes evaluation of standardized BME (bacoside A content--35.5 +/- 0.9) on other contributing factors towards ulcerogenesis. BME in the dose of 1000 microg/ml showed anti-Helicobacter pylori activity in vitrol and in the dose of 10 microg/ml increased in vitro of prostanoids (PGE and PGI2) in human colonic mucosal incubates. It may be concluded that these factors may contribute to antiulcerogenic activity of BME.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use
  • Bacopa*
  • Epoprostenol / metabolism
  • Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy
  • Helicobacter pylori / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Medicine, Traditional
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Organometallic Compounds / pharmacology
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Prostaglandins E / metabolism
  • Stomach Ulcer / drug therapy


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Plant Extracts
  • Prostaglandins E
  • Epoprostenol
  • bismuth tripotassium dicitrate