Intravenous intermittent neridronate in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis

Bone. 2003 Sep;33(3):342-5. doi: 10.1016/s8756-3282(03)00084-x.


Bisphosphonates have been used with success in the treatment of osteoporosis, but oral therapy often lacks compliance. Here we report the results of clinical trial with aminobisphosphonate neridronate administered intravenously (i.v.). The study included 78 postmenopausal women with spine bone mineral density (BMD) at least -2.5 SD below peak. Patients were randomized to receive for 2 years either 50 mg i.v. neridronate bimonthly and 500 mg calcium plus 400 U vitamin D supplements daily (n=39) or calcium-vitamin D supplements alone (control group, n=39). Treatment was continued over 2 years with an additional 1 year follow-up of calcium-vitamin D supplements alone. Neridronate was well tolerated with the appearance of typical clinical signs of an acute phase reaction in only 3 of the patients after the first infusion. In the control group no significant changes in BMD or bone markers were observed. In the neridronate group BMD rose progressively at the spine rose up to 7.4% +/- 6.1% (SD) and at the femoral neck up to 5.8% +/- 8.2% (SD) at the end of the second year. In the succeeding follow-up these gains were maintained at both skeletal sites. Serum bone alkaline phosphatase (bone ALP) and serum type I collagen C-telopeptide (s-CTX) significantly decreased within 2 months. The bone ALP values reached a -35% plateau after 6 months, while s-CTX attained the lowest mean value (-47%) only by the end of the treatment with neridronate. Both bone markers returned almost to baseline values 1 year after treatment discontinuation. Treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with 50 mg i.v. neridronate bimonthly results in clinically relevant increases in BMD, among the largest so far observed with any other bisphosphonate.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bone Density / drug effects*
  • Diphosphonates / administration & dosage*
  • Female
  • Femur Neck
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Lumbar Vertebrae
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / drug therapy*
  • Pilot Projects


  • Diphosphonates
  • 6-amino-1-hydroxyhexane-1,1-diphosphonate