Prk1p is a serine/threonine kinase involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton organization in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Previously, we have identified LxxQxTG as the phosphorylation site of Prk1p. In this report, the recognition sequence for Prk1p is investigated more thoroughly. It is found that the presence of a hydrophobic residue at the position of P-5 is necessary for Prk1p phosphorylation and L, I, V, and M are all able to confer the phosphorylation at various efficiencies. The residue flexibility at P-2 has also been identified to include Q, N, T, and S. A homology-based three-dimensional model of the kinase domain of Prk1p provided some structural interpretations for these substrate specificities. The characterization of the [L/I/V/M]xx[Q/N/T/S]xTG motif led to the identification of a spectrum of potential targets for Prk1p from yeast genome. One of them, Scd5p, which contains three LxxTxTG motifs and is previously known to be important for endocytosis and actin organization, has been chosen to demonstrate its relationship with Prk1p. Phosphorylation of Scd5p by Prk1p at the three LxxTxTG motifs could be detected in vitro and in vivo, and deletion of PRK1 suppressed the defects in actin cytoskeleton and endocytosis in one of the scd5 mutants. These results allowed us to conclude that Scd5p is likely another regulatory target of Prk1p.