Allergic asthma and an anti-CD23 mAb (IDEC-152): results of a phase I, single-dose, dose-escalating clinical trial

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Sep;112(3):563-70. doi: 10.1016/s0091-6749(03)01861-x.


Background: CD23, a cell-surface molecule, is involved in a variety of pathways likely to influence IgE production and inflammation in allergic disorders, such as allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma.

Objective: This study investigated the safety, clinical activity, and pharmacokinetic profile of IDEC-152, an IgG1 anti-CD23 antibody, in patients with mild-to-moderate persistent allergic asthma.

Methods: This single-dose, dose-escalating, placebo-controlled study involved 30 patients. Cohorts of 3 to 6 patients received single intravenous infusions of either placebo or IDEC-152 (0.05, 0.25, 1.0, 4.0, 10.0, or 15.0 mg/kg) on study day 1. Safety, clinical activity, and pharmacokinetics were assessed for 12 weeks after treatment.

Results: IDEC-152 was well tolerated. Adverse events (AEs) were mild, no grade 4 or serious AEs were reported, and no relationships were apparent between the dose of IDEC-152 and the frequency, severity, or type of event. The most common AEs in the IDEC-152 group included ecchymosis at the injection site, sinusitis, headache, arthralgia, cold syndrome, infection, throat irritation, and dysmenorrhea. Commonly reported AEs in the placebo group included headache, abdominal pain, and infection. Sustained and dose-dependent decreases in mean IgE concentrations were noted. The mean maximum concentration and area under the curve of IDEC-152 were proportional to the dose administered for the dose range 4.0 to 15.0 mg/kg. The serum half-life of the IDEC-152 antibody increased from 2 to 10 days with increasing doses. After single-dose administration of IDEC-152, no dose-dependent change in FEV(1) was observed, and most changes in peak expiratory flow rate were within 10% of baseline values.

Conclusion: These data suggest that IDEC-152 is safe and has the potential for clinical activity in allergic asthma.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / blood
  • Asthma / immunology
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / blood
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Receptors, IgE / immunology
  • Safety


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Receptors, IgE
  • Immunoglobulin E