Purification and characterization of citrate synthase from Streptomyces hygroscopicus SF-1293 and comparison of its properties with those of 2-phosphinomethylmalic acid synthase

Agric Biol Chem. 1990 Feb;54(2):463-70.


To study the relationship between citrate synthase and 2-phosphinomethylmalic acid (PMM) synthase, which catalyzes a very similar reaction comparable to citrate formation in the biosynthesis of a herbicide, bialaphos, citrate synthase was purified from the mycelium of Streptomyces hygroscopicus SF-1293, a bialaphos-producing organism. The overall purification was 440-fold with a yield of 4.4% from cell-free extract. Based on comparison with PMM synthase, it has been concluded that citrate synthase of S. hygroscopicus is quite different from PMM synthase in several aspects such as enzymatic properties, amino acid composition. N-terminal amino acid sequence, and stereo-chemical reaction mechanism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase / genetics
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase / isolation & purification
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oxo-Acid-Lyases / genetics
  • Oxo-Acid-Lyases / metabolism*
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Streptomyces / enzymology*
  • Streptomyces / genetics


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase
  • 2-phosphinomethylmalic acid synthase
  • Oxo-Acid-Lyases