Sequential changes in electroencephalogram continuity in very premature infants

Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1992 Mar;82(3):197-202. doi: 10.1016/0013-4694(92)90167-g.


This study was conducted to quantify sequential changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) continuity for 24 h in very premature infants. For a total of 122 days, continuous 2-channel EEG recording was conducted for 28 premature infants from 26 to 33 weeks of conceptional age (CA). None of the infants showed evidence of neurological impairment during hospitalization. Normal neurological outcome was noted at a minimum 12 months of age. By classifying each 5.5 min epoch according to EEG continuity, the number of contiguous epochs of each series of discontinuous type (DTs) and the number of epochs between two series of discontinuous type (IDTIs) were counted at each CA. The duration of DT decreased with increasing CA. The mean duration remained at 13-16 min after 29 weeks CA. The mean duration of each IDTI increased with CA, up to about 1 h at 33 weeks. A constant period of DTs was noted at longer intervals with increasing CA. These changes appear related to the development of sleep state organization with CA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain / physiology*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature / physiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors