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. 1992 Mar 1;204(2):547-52.
doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb16666.x.

A Membrane-Bound Metallo-Endopeptidase From Rat Kidney. Characteristics of Its Hydrolysis of Peptide Hormones and Neuropeptides

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A Membrane-Bound Metallo-Endopeptidase From Rat Kidney. Characteristics of Its Hydrolysis of Peptide Hormones and Neuropeptides

T Yamaguchi et al. Eur J Biochem. .
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Abstract

A membrane-bound metallo-endopeptidase that hydrolyzes human parathyroid hormone (1-84) and reduced hen egg lysozyme between hydrophilic amino acid residues was isolated from rat kidney [Yamaguchi et al. (1991) Eur. J. Biochem. 200, 563-571]. In this study, the hydrolyses of various peptide hormones and neuropeptides by the metallo-endopeptidase were examined using an automated gas-phase protein sequencer. The purified enzyme hydrolyzed the oxidized insulin B chain and substance P most rapidly, followed by big endothelin 1, neurotensin, angiotensin 1, endothelin 1, rat alpha-atrial natriuretic peptide and bradykinin, in this order. The enzyme mainly cleaved these peptides at bonds involving a hydrophilic amino acid residue. However, it cleaved bonds between less hydrophilic amino acid pairs in several short peptides, e.g. at the His5-Leu6 bond in oxidized insulin B chain, the Ile28-Val29 bond in big endothelin-1 and the Ile5-His6 and Phe8-His9 bonds in angiotensin 1. The enzyme cleavage sites of oxidized insulin B chain and angiotensin 1 were different from the reported sites cleaved by meprin and by endopeptidase 2, respectively. Kinetic determination of bradykinin hydrolysis by the purified enzyme yielded values of Km = 18.1 microM and kcat = 0.473 s-1, giving a ratio of kcat/Km = 2.62 x 10(4) s-1.M-1. The Km value was about 20-fold lower than that reported for meprin and endopeptidase 2. These results indicate that the membrane-bound metallo-endopeptidase from rat kidney is distinguished from meprin and endopeptidase 2 in its substrate specificity and is not parathyroid hormone specific, but has potential capacities to inactivate various biologically active peptide hormones and neuropeptides in vivo.

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