Structure and site of expression of a murine type II hair keratin

Mol Biol Rep. 1992 Feb;16(1):39-47. doi: 10.1007/BF00788752.


We present here a 1770 bp-long cDNA which encodes a murine type II keratin. Sequence comparisons of the keratin with those of various type II keratins expressed in mouse epidermis and internal stratified epithelia reveal that the new keratin is unrelated to epithelial keratins. Rather the structural organization of its amino- and carboxyterminal domains and the high content of cysteine and proline residues in these regions suggest that the keratin represents a murine type II hair keratin. This assumption was confirmed by in situ hybridization which localized the mRNA of the keratin in upper cells of the hair cortex and in suprabasal cells of the central core unit of filiform papillae of the tongue. Hybrid selection analyses revealed that the keratin has a molecular weight of 58 kD. It remains to be seen whether the keratin corresponds to MHb 3 or MHb 4.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Epithelium / chemistry
  • Hair / chemistry*
  • Immunoblotting
  • Keratins / analysis
  • Keratins / chemistry
  • Keratins / genetics*
  • Keratins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Tongue / chemistry


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Keratins