RAW 264.7 macrophages induced with lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma expressed nitric oxide (NO) synthase. Approximately two-thirds of the total induced NO synthase activity was found in the cytosolic fraction, whereas one-third was associated with the particulate fraction. Both enzymes formed L-citrulline in addition to NO-like material. NO and L-citrulline formation by both enzymes were calcium-independent and inhibited by NG-nitro-L-arginine and NG-methyl-L-arginine. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 prevented the induction of both enzymes.