Walking and sequencing a genome portion centromeric of CYP21B in the human MHC class III region disclosed a cluster of fibronectin type III repeats in an approximately 50-kb DNA segment. Fibronectin type III repeats are known to consist of ca. 90 amino acid residues and exist in a wide range of protein species. Homology searches in protein databases showed that the repeats found had the highest homology with the repeats of human tenascin, an extracellular matrix protein. One cDNA sequence located immediately centromeric of CYP21B, the 3' portion of which is transcribed by the opposite strand of CYP21B, was found also to have six type III repeats followed by a fibrinogen domain. Pairwise homology comparison of these repeats in the MHC locus with those of human tenascin showed a general parallelism in their gene organization, indicating that the newly found repeats are elements of certain tenascin-like genea.