Cluster of fibronectin type III repeats found in the human major histocompatibility complex class III region shows the highest homology with the repeats in an extracellular matrix protein, tenascin

Genomics. 1992 Mar;12(3):485-91. doi: 10.1016/0888-7543(92)90438-x.


Walking and sequencing a genome portion centromeric of CYP21B in the human MHC class III region disclosed a cluster of fibronectin type III repeats in an approximately 50-kb DNA segment. Fibronectin type III repeats are known to consist of ca. 90 amino acid residues and exist in a wide range of protein species. Homology searches in protein databases showed that the repeats found had the highest homology with the repeats of human tenascin, an extracellular matrix protein. One cDNA sequence located immediately centromeric of CYP21B, the 3' portion of which is transcribed by the opposite strand of CYP21B, was found also to have six type III repeats followed by a fibrinogen domain. Pairwise homology comparison of these repeats in the MHC locus with those of human tenascin showed a general parallelism in their gene organization, indicating that the newly found repeats are elements of certain tenascin-like genea.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal / genetics*
  • Chromosome Walking
  • Cosmids
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA / isolation & purification
  • Databases, Factual
  • Extracellular Matrix / physiology
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / genetics*
  • Fibronectins / genetics*
  • Gene Library
  • Humans
  • Major Histocompatibility Complex*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family*
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Tenascin


  • Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Fibronectins
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Tenascin
  • DNA

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M73452
  • GENBANK/M73453
  • GENBANK/M73454
  • GENBANK/M73511
  • GENBANK/M81339
  • GENBANK/M89917
  • GENBANK/M89918
  • GENBANK/M96015
  • GENBANK/X56585
  • GENBANK/X60189