Contribution of individual ionic currents to activity of a model stomatogastric ganglion neuron

J Neurophysiol. 1992 Feb;67(2):341-9. doi: 10.1152/jn.1992.67.2.341.


1. The behavior of the mathematical model for the lateral pyloric (LP) neuron of the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion (STG) developed in the previous paper was further studied. 2. The action of proctolin, a neuromodulatory peptide that acts directly on the LP neuron, was modeled. The effect of the proctolin-activated current (iproc) on the model neuron mimics the effects of proctolin on the isolated biological LP neuron. The depolarization and increased frequency of firing seen when iproc is activated are associated with changes in the relative contributions of the delayed rectifier (id) and the Ca(2+)-activated outward current (io(Ca] to the repolarization phase of the action potential. 3. The effects of turning off the A-current (iA) in the model were compared with those obtained by pharmacologically blocking iA in the biological neuron. iA appears to regulate action-potential frequency as well as postinhibitory rebound activity. 4. The role of iA on the rhythmic activity of the cell was studied by modifying several of its parameters while periodically activating a simulated synaptically activated conductance, isyn. 5. The effects of manipulations of the maximal conductances (g) for id and io(Ca) were studied. id strongly influences action-potential frequency, whereas io(Ca) strongly influences action-potential duration. 6. Modifications of the maximal conductance of the inward Ca2+ current (iCa) were compared with the effects of blocking iCa in the real cell. 7. The role of the hyperpolarization-activated inward current (ih) during ongoing rhythmic activity was assessed by periodically activating isyn while modifying ih.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Animals
  • Brachyura / physiology*
  • Calcium Channels / drug effects
  • Calcium Channels / physiology
  • Ganglia / cytology
  • Ganglia / physiology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Ion Channels / drug effects
  • Ion Channels / physiology*
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Models, Biological
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Neuropeptides*
  • Neurotransmitter Agents / pharmacology
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacology
  • Pylorus / innervation*
  • Synapses / drug effects
  • Synapses / physiology
  • Tetrodotoxin / pharmacology


  • Calcium Channels
  • Ion Channels
  • Neuropeptides
  • Neurotransmitter Agents
  • Oligopeptides
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • proctolin