[Work physiological studies performed to optimate the lever propulsion and the seat position of a lever propelled wheelchair (author's transl)]

Rehabilitation (Stuttg). 1976 Nov;15(4):217-28.
[Article in German]


Spiroergometric examination with defined work loads and permanent records of the common circulatory and metabolic values were carried out on a group of healthy adults and one wheelchair occupant, using a fixed wheelchair simulator with lever propulsion, which was connected to an ergometer. Comparative studies were performed in three different seat positions in relation to the lever, as well as six different lengths of the connecting rod. The best values were measured, under steadystate conditions, with increasing lengths of the connecting rod and posterior placement of the seat unit. The results are in agreement with the experience gained by other authors with respect to arm work, and show that the optimal efficiency of hand lever work is obtained in the anterior position. In this context it proved to be particularly advantageious from the ergonomic viewpoint, if, when bending forward, as necessitated by a long connecting rod, both the upper part of the body and the trunk musculature are employed. The practical consequences of the simulator tests on an adequate wheelchair design and wheelchair prescription are discussed.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Disabled Persons
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Posture
  • Wheelchairs / standards*