Toxocara canis: monoclonal antibodies to carbohydrate epitopes of secreted (TES) antigens localize to different secretion-related structures in infective larvae

Exp Parasitol. 1992 Aug;75(1):56-71. doi: 10.1016/0014-4894(92)90122-q.


The major secreted glycoproteins of Toxocara canis larvae appear to be derived from two specialized organs within the nematode organism. Using immunogold electron microscopy, we have analyzed the binding patterns of a panel of monoclonal antibodies (Tcn-1 to Tcn-8) reactive with Toxocara excretory-secretory (TES) antigens. We find, first, that the esophageal gland and lumen are strongly reactive with monoclonals Tcn-4, Tcn-5, and Tcn-8, and because the posterior portion of the gut is closed, we hypothesize that products of this gland are released through the oral aperture. Second, a distinct anti-TES antibody (Tcn-2) localizes solely to the midbody secretory column, which opens onto the cuticle at a secretory pore. Thus, the secretory apparatus is probably functional in this stage of parasite as an important source of TES products. Only one monoclonal, Tcn-7, can bind to both esophageal and secretory structures. In addition, another antibody, Tcn-3, binds both to the epicuticle and to a TES antigen, but our data do not directly determine whether antigens located in the cuticle are subsequently released. Thus there are at least two, and possibly three, independent sources of TES antigens within Toxocara larvae.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Helminth / immunology
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antigens, Helminth / immunology*
  • Epitopes / immunology
  • Glycoproteins / immunology
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Larva / anatomy & histology
  • Larva / immunology
  • Microscopy, Immunoelectron
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Toxocara / anatomy & histology
  • Toxocara / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Helminth
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Helminth
  • Epitopes
  • Glycoproteins