Elevated plasma insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 levels in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy

Diabetologia. 1992 Sep;35(9):868-72. doi: 10.1007/BF00399934.

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that nerve regeneration may be defective in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy. Since insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been shown to stimulate nerve regeneration, and IGF binding protein-1 is acutely regulated by plasma insulin we have investigated the relationships between plasma IGF-I, IGFBP-1, glucose and insulin in Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with peripheral polyneuropathy. Plasma samples were taken at hourly intervals over an 11-h period (08.00-19.00 hours) in order to characterise secretory profiles for 15 Type 1 diabetic patients (eight neuropathic and seven non-neuropathic) and eight non-diabetic control subjects. In the non-diabetic subjects, mean plasma IGF-I levels were stable throughout the 11-h period with a range of 97 micrograms/l-169 micrograms/l. In contrast, mean plasma IGFBP-1 levels declined steadily from a high level of 1.99 micrograms/l at 08.00 hours to approximately one half (0.86 microgram/l) at 15.00 hours. Comparison of areas under the curves revealed significant negative correlations between IGFBP-1 and glucose (-0.88, p = 0.01), IGFBP-1 and insulin (-0.75, p = 0.016), and IGFBP-1 and IGF-I (-0.68, p = 0.03). A significant positive correlation was found between insulin and IGF-I (+0.89, p = 0.001). The diabetic patients had markedly elevated plasma IGFBP-1 levels (area under curve, p = 0.01) and lower plasma IGF-I levels (p = 0.033) even though these patients were hyperinsulinaemic throughout the study period.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Carrier Proteins / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / blood*
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / etiology
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Regeneration / physiology
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Somatomedins / metabolism*
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Insulin
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1
  • Somatomedins
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I