Monoclonal antibodies with selective specificity for Alzheimer Tau are directed against phosphatase-sensitive epitopes

Acta Neuropathol. 1992;84(3):265-72. doi: 10.1007/BF00227819.


A modified form of the microtubule-associated protein Tau is the major component of the paired helical filaments (PHF) found in Alzheimer's disease. The characterization of these posttranslational Tau modifications is hindered by the lack of sufficient PHF-Tau-specific markers. Here we describe several monoclonal antibodies, prepared by immunization with PHF, two of which showed a selective specificity for PHF-Tau without cross-reactivity with normal Tau. Epitope recognition by these two monoclonals was sensitive to alkaline phosphatase treatment. In Western blotting these monoclonal antibodies reacted specifically with the abnormally phosphorylated epitopes on Alzheimer's disease-associated PHF-Tau. One of the new antibodies can be used for the construction of a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the specific detection of PHF-Tau without cross-reactivity to normal Tau proteins.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cross Reactions
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Epitopes / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Neurofilament Proteins / immunology
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / immunology*
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • tau Proteins / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Epitopes
  • Neurofilament Proteins
  • tau Proteins
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases