Two-dimensional NMR, circular dichroism, and fluorescence studies of PP-50, a synthetic ATP-binding peptide from the beta-subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase

Biochemistry. 1992 Sep 1;31(34):7915-21. doi: 10.1021/bi00149a024.


PP-50, a peptide based on residues 141-190 of the beta-subunit of mitochondrial F1-ATPase, contains the GX4GKT consensus region for nucleoside triphosphate binding and has been shown to bind ATP [Garboczi, D.N., Shenbagamurthi, W.K., Hullihen, J., & Pedersen, P.L. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 812-816]. At pH 4.0, appropriate for NMR studies, PP-50 retains the ability to bind ATP tightly (KD = 17.5 microM) with a 1:1 stoichiometry as shown by titrations measuring the partial quenching of ATP fluorescence by PP-50. CD spectra of PP-50 at pH 4.0 and at low ionic strength show 5.8% helix, 30.2% beta-structure, and 64% coil. ATP binding increases the structure of PP-50, changing the CD to 7.5% helix, 44.5% beta-structure, and 48% coil. Increasing the ionic strength to 50 mM KCl also increases the structure, changing the CD to 7.4% helix, 64.4% beta-structure, and 28.2% coil. The 600-MHz proton NMR spectrum of PP-50, at pH 4.0 and low ionic strength, has been assigned by 2D methods (TOCSY, DQF-COSY, and NOESY with jump-return water suppression). Based on strong d alpha N NOEs, J alpha N values, and NH chemical shifts differing from random coil values, regions of extended structure are detected from residues 1-7 and 43-48. Based on dNN, dNN(i,i+2), and d alpha N(i,i+2) NOEs and 3J alpha N values, possible type I' and type I turns are found from residues 11-14 and 31-34, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Circular Dichroism*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy*
  • Mitochondria / enzymology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry*
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Protein Conformation
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases / chemistry*
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases / metabolism
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence*


  • Peptide Fragments
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases